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Pierre Curie - Physics - 1903

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Pierre Curie - Physics - 1903

Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie, professor of physics, discovered piezoelectricity and is internationally known for his work on radioactivity.

His first work, in collaboration with his brother Jacques, dealt with crystallography, including piezoelectricity (1880), and magnetism. He invented and devised new devices, including the piezoelectric quartz. The Academy of Sciences awarded the Gaston Plante Prize to the two brothers in 1895. After his thesis on "The magnetic properties of bodies at various temperatures" (1895), he was appointed Professor of Physics at the School of Physics and Chemistry in 1895. He became Professor of General Physics at the Faculty of Sciences in Paris in 1900.
The attention of Pierre and Marie Curie were about radiation discovered in 1896 by Henri Becquerel. They discovered radium in 1898.
From 1900, Pierre Curie studies carried on the physical properties of this new element and its importance in nature.
Under the initiative of Pierre Curie, doctors at the hospital Saint-Louis in Paris began to use radium to treat skin diseases and cancers.
He received the Prize La Caze from the Academy of Sciences in 1901, for the discovery of radium and all other work. He obtained, with Marie Curie, the Award of the Foundation Debrousse from the Academy of Sciences in 1902.
Pierre and Marie Curie received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903  "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel", and the Davy Medal from the Royal Society in 1903. The Prize Jean Reynaud from the Institute of France was awarded to Pierre Curie in 1906.

Pierre Curie died accidentally on April 19, 1906. His ashes and those of Marie Curie have rest in the Pantheon since 1995. A tribute was paid to him during the fiftieth and the hundredth anniversary of the discovery of radioactivity.