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Marie Curie - Physics and Chemistry - 1903/1911

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Marie Curie - Physics and Chemistry - 1903 /1911

Marie Curie

Marie Curie received the Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and Henri Becquerel in 1903 , for their work on radioactivity. In 1911, she won her second Nobel Prize, this time in chemistry for her work on polonium and radium. It is the only woman to have received two Nobel prizes. She was also the first female winner of the Davy Medal, in 1903 with her husband, for her work on radium.

Marie Curie, was born Maria Sklodowska on November 7, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland, and died on July 4, 1934 in Sancellemoz, France. She was a Polish physicist naturalized French. In November 1891, she moved to Paris, where she was accepted to study physics and mathematics at the Faculty of Science. In December 1897, she started her thesis on the study of radiation produced by uranium, discovered by Henri Becquerel, at the School of Physics and industrial  Chemistry of Paris. Using techniques developed by her husband, she analyzed the radiation of pitchblende, an ore rich in uranium.

On July 18, 1898, Marie Curie announced the discovery of polonium. On December 26, with Gustave Bémont, she announced the discovery of radium and it took several tons of pitchblende to get less than one gram of this element. On October 26, 1900, she became a professor at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Jeunes Filles de Sevres. During the year 1903, she supported her thesis on radioactive substances on June 25 ; on December 10, she received with her husband and Henri Becquerel the Nobel Prize in Physics in recognition of services rendered by their joint research on the phenomenon of radiation discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel. 
On December 10, 1911, she received her second Nobel Prize, in recognition of services for the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of new elements radium and polonium, by studying their nature and their compounds. She is the first recipient of two Nobel prizes for her scientific work.