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Conservation Science Center - UMR 7204

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Conservation Science Center

In connection with the missions of the National Museum of Natural History on the future of biodiversity, the proposed research focuses on the biology of organisms and populations. the Center's interest is directed towards the processes that are responsible for a demographic imbalance (invasion, decline or extinction), considering both the rare species and the species still well represented. This joint approach should contribute to understanding the fate of each type of species, and to identify the priority according to the objective for each.

To explain and predict a population's resistance to extinction, interactions are studied between basic biological parameters of individuals and the genetic and demographic used in the process at work in populations (the results of this integration of demo-genetics can influence the management practices for small populations). The analysis of the future of metapopulation (especially in view of reintroduction or reinforcement) shall include the role of the connection between people (in or ex-situ).

In the case of common species, the goal is to develop population monitoring, by proposing protocols for networks of observers to analyze data to characterize the fate of a procession of people at large scales, integrating the concept of status indicator communities, generate scenarios detailing the impact of human society on the future of these populations.

In this page

Research activities
  • Romain Julliard: "Conservation Biology: Functional homogenization of biodiversity, its mechanisms and its applications"
  • Jiguet Frédéric: "Biodiversity and Global Change"
  • Luke Dean: "Bio-economic modeling and sustainability"
  • Denis Couvet: "Population genetics, biodiversity indicators, participatory sciences, ecology reconciliation, evolutionary conservation biology, biodiversity scenarios"
  • Philippe Clergeau: "Ecology of invasions in anthropic systems and the implementation of urban biodiversities
  • Michel Saint-Jalme: "Conservation biology and behavioral ecology"
  • Nathalie Machon: "Ecology and conservation biology"
  • François Sarrazin: "Study of the viability of populations and more specifically  those populations restored by reintroduction or reinforcement"
  • Celine Teplitski: "Evolutionary conservation biology, evolutionary biology, quantitative genetics, phenotypic plasticity"
Keywords

biodiversity, conservation, biology, modeling, ecology, genetics.

Teams and research themes
  • Teams: Species conservation, Restoration and monitoring of populations; Scenarios and biodiversity.
  • Themes: Metapopulations, Organization of communities, Biodiversity scenarios, Restoration of populations, Impact of human activities on plant communities; Ecology of conservation and restoration; Constraints from environmental degradation.
Active projects
  • Vigie Nature project (R. Julliard and C. Kerbiriou)
  • Role of dispersal and local adaptation in the response of birds to climate change (F.Jiguet)
  • Co-viability of fishing and marine biodiversity; Co-viability of agriculture-bird populations (L. Dean)
  • Research on the role of behavioral and morphological flexibility ... (populations); research opportunities for a typology of the most suitable species for colonization ... (P. Clergeau)
  • Understand the relationship between social structure, parameters in habitat selection and genetic characterization of populations in species with lek structure. (Mr. Saint Jalme)
  • Urbaine93 Ecology and Veolia sites, Vigie-plants, Restoration of Arenaria grandiflora, Biodiversity of roadsides and highways, invasive plant sites. (N. Machon)
  • SOFTPOP, multi-agent modeling of interactions between agropastoralism and raptors scavengers, LIFE Transfer Falcon crécerelette. (F. Sarrazin)
  • Natural selection and microevolution: Understanding the differences between predicted and observed responses; Predict responses to climate change; Interactions between genes and environment. (C.Teplitski)
Main scientific results
  • Development of biodiversity indicators, including species indicators formally adopted at the national level;
  • Coordination of a wide network of observers at a national level;
  • Predictors of response to climate change and related indicators;
  • Sustainability in marine reserve, sustainability in market quotas, stochastic viability.
  • Construction of observatories, indicators and biodiversity scenarios.
  • Development of a tool for negotiation based on the concept of a risk map. (See website).
  • Highlighted the possible involvement of sexual selection on breeding for conservation and interim reintroduction.
  • Identification of demographic, genetic, and behavioral processes.
  • Inhibition of phenotypic plasticity (induced defenses) by pollutants in amphibians.
Doctoral schools
  • ED 227, Natural Science and Man
  • ED 392 Diversity of living
  • ED 474, Frontier Life
Scientific parternships
Local

The City of Paris, Ecole polythechnique, UMR7533 LADYSS

National

Ifremer, Inra, Cemagref, IRD, Conseils régionaux et généraux, CAREN rennes, CNITV ENVL, LPO, Parc Nationaux, CEFE

International

Worldfish center, CIRM, Wageningen University and research center, Arctic center Finlande, Altera ; Brazil et Libannon: (Coodirection de thèses), University of Helsinki, Université Uppsala

Coordinates
Coordinates
Director
COUVET Denis
+33 (0)1 40 79 38 35
denis.couvet@upmc.fr
Physical address
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
55, rue Buffon
75005 Paris

Laboratory e-mail
cersp@mnhn.fr

Web site
http://www.mnhn.fr/mnhn/cersp/
Postal address


Communication contact
LEGRAND Marine

vigie-nature@mnhn.fr
Administrative contact
 ALEPSA Cindy / HADDAD Axelle
+33 (0)1 40 79 30 78 / 01 40 79 80 32
alepsa@mnhn.fr


Staff
Teachers - researchers :
12

Help staff :
10

Post-doctorate :
3

phD students :
17



28/07/14