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Frédéric Joliot - Chemistry - 1935

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Frédéric Joliot - Chemistry - 1935

Frédéric Joliot

Jean Frederic Joliot, "know as Frederic Joliot-Curie" , was a French physicist and chemist, born in Paris on March 19, 1900 and he died in Paris on August 14, 1958. He received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935 with his wife Irene Joliot-Curie. 
Frédéric Joliot was educated at the School of Physics and Chemistry, where he met Paul Langevin and became friends with Peter Biquard. Thanks to Paul Langevin, he became the particularly preparer for Marie Curie at the Radium Institute. In 1926, he married Irene Curie, daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie. Frederic Joliot received his doctorate in 1930 at the Science Faculty of the University of Paris.
He participated with his wife in research on the structure of the atom. In 1935, they obtained the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of artificial radioactivity. 
He engaged in the Resistance in 1941 and took the lead in organizing the resistance the National Front, whose activists met secretly in his laboratory. He took part in August 1944 in the insurrection of Paris against the Nazi occupation. He was director of the CNRS from August 20, 1944 to February 3, 1946. In 1945, he participated in the founding of the Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), of which he was appointed High Commissioner by the General de Gaulle. In 1947, he became a member of the Royal Society which awarded him the Hughes Medal the following year. In 1948, he supervised the construction of the first French nuclear reactor, the battery Zoe. When his wife past away, he took charge of her chair in nuclear physics at the Faculty of Sciences in Paris and the direction of the Radium Institute, in parallel with his post at the College de France. He was elected member of the Academy of Sciences in 1958.